The first motor truck was built in 1896 by the German automotive pioneer Gottlieb Daimler. Daimler\'s truck had a four-horsepower engine and a belt drive with two forward speeds and one reverse. It was the first pickup truck. Daimler also produced the world\'s first motorcycle in 1885 and the first taxi in 1897. Tow Trucks (Extract from Press Release INTERNATIONAL TOWING AND RECOVERY HALL OF FAME AND MUSEUM, INC.) The towing industry was born in 1916 in the city of Chattanooga, after Ernest Holmes, Sr., a native Chattanoogan, helped a friend retrieve his car with three poles, a pulley and a chain hooked to the frame of a 1913 Cadillac. After patenting his invention, Holmes began manufacturing wreckers and towing equipment for sale to automotive garages and anyone interested in retrieving and towing wrecked or disabled autos. His first manufacturing facility was a small shop on Market Street, just a few blocks from the museum. Holmes business grew as the auto industry expanded and eventually its products earned a worldwide reputation for their quality and performance. Ernest Holmes, Sr. died in 1943, and was succeeded by his son. Ernest Holmes, Jr. ran the company until he retired in 1973. That year the company was sold to the Dover Corporation. That same year the founders grandson, Gerald Holmes, left the company and started a new one, Century Wreckers. He built his manufacturing facility in nearby Ooltewah, Tennessee, and quickly rivaled the original company with his hydraulically powered wreckers. Eventually, assets of both companies were bought by Miller Industries, which also bought other wrecker manufacturers. Miller has retained the Century facility in Ooltewah where both Century and Holmes wreckers are presently manufactured. Miller also makes Challenger wreckers.
Forklift Truck The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) defines a powered industrial truck as a \"mobile, power-propelled truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack, or tier materials.\" Powered industrial trucks are also commonly known as forklifts, pallet trucks, rider trucks, forktrucks, or lifttrucks. In 1906 the Pennsylvania Railroad introduced battery powered platform trucks for moving luggage at their Altoona, Pennsylvania train station. World War I saw the development of different types of material handling equipment in the United Kingdom by Ransomes, Sims & Jefferies of Ipswich. In 1919 the Towmotor Company, and Yale & Towne Manufacturing in 1920, entered the lift truck market in the United States. The introduction of hydraulic power and the development of the first electric power forklifts, along with the use of standardized pallets was introduced in the late 1930s, which helped to increase the popularity of forklift trucks. Following the World War II, more efficient methods for storing products in warehouses were being implemented. Warehouses needed more maneuverable forklift trucks that could reach greater heights and new forklift models were made that filled this need. For example, in 1954 a British company named Lansing Bagnall, now part of KION Group, developed what was claimed to be the first narrow aisle electric reach truck. During the 1950s and 1960s operator safety became a concern due to the increasing lifting heights and capacities. Safety features such as load back rests and operator cages, called overhead guards, began to be added to forklifts produced in this era. In the late 1980s ergonomic design began to be incorporated in new forklift designs to improve operator comfort, reduce injuries and increase productivity. During the 1990s exhaust emissions from forklift operations began to be addressed which led to emission standards being implemented for forklift manufacturers in various countries. The introduction of AC power forklifts, along with fuel cell technology, are also refinements in continuing forklift development. CLARK TURCK COMPANY: The first Tructractor was built to haul materials between various departments of CLARK\'s axle plant. Visitors to the plant were impressed with the practicality of this truck, and asked CLARK to build trucks for them. In 1918, eight Tructractors were built and in 1919 CLARK manufactured and sold over 75 trucks
GMC Truck History General Motors Company trucks. General Motors was founded by William Billy Durant on September 16, 1908. Durant had become a leading manufacturer of horse-drawn vehicles in Flint, MI before making his foray into the automobile industry. At its inception GM held only the Buick Motor Company, but in a matter of years would acquire more than 20 companies including Oldsmobile, Cadillac, and Oakland, today known as Pontiac. In Germany, a company named Opel began by manufacturing dependable sewing machines. Opel became a brand recognized worldwide after adding bicycles to their product arsenal. In 1899, Opel entered the growing automobile market with the Opel-Patent-Motorwagen System Lutzmann and became a part of General Motors thirty years later. Mack Trucks, Inc. Mack Trucks, Inc. was founded in 1900 by Jack and Gus Mack in Brooklyn, NY, and was originally known as the Mack Brothers Company. Brothers Jack, Gus and William Mack built their first successful vehicle in 1900: a 24-horsepower, 13-passenger bus with a 4-cylinder engine. Named the Manhattan, the bus carried sightseers around Brooklyns Prospect Park for eight years and racked up a million miles of service before being retired The success of the bus established Macks reputation for building reliable and durable products a reputation that continues today. Mack Trucks is also one of North Americas largest manufacturers of heavy-duty Class 8 trucks, engines and transmissions. Mack trucks are sold and serviced in more than 45 countries worldwide. Every Mack truck built for the North American market is assembled at its Macungie Cab & Vehicle Assembly facility in Macungie, Pa. Engines and transmissions for the North American market are built at its powertrain facility in Hagerstown, Md. Mack is part of the Volvo Group, one of the worlds leading manufacturers of trucks, buses, construction equipment, marine and industrial engines.